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What is meant by distillation?

What is meant by distillation?

Distillation is a physical separation process not a chemical reaction. It separates mixtures based on differences in volatility of components. Water is distilled to remove impurities such as salt, dust and other unwanted contents from seawater. Air is distilled to separate its components especially oxygen, nitrogen and argon for industrial purpose. The applications of distillation process are laboratory distillation, industrial distillation, herbal distillation and food processing. Distillations of fermented solutions are used to produce distilled beverages with higher alcohol content. Especially distillation of alcohol is known as distilleries.

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